Troy works of art known as the Treasury, was kidnapped in 1873 by the German amateur archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann. Today, the majority of the Pushkin Museum in Moscow, on display in the Museum of Berlin in the works is a part of the film was abducted a script will remove the stone. Then took legal action against the Ottoman Empire monuments, and even works to bring it back but it was not enough to even kept sleuth.
From the name of the ancient settlement of Troy … Early Bronze age, continued to exist until around 505 AD .. 3 thousand 500-year earthquake in the process, due to the war destroyed eight times, re-established. However, none of this civilization, the German amateur archaeologist Schliemann did not hurt much. 19th in the last quarter of the century, with the dream of finding treasure where his excavations Troya, and the treasures of the ancient city destroyed by playing both broke homeland.
Since childhood, Schlieman wanted to find the treasure of Homer’s Troy. Schliemann’s first visit to the Troy at 1868. Mound viewed with pinarbasi Hisar. Cliff in Pinarbasi didn’t look like the city he read of Homeros ‘Achilles chases Hector . Hisarl?ktepe described in the Iliad epic Troy was most similar. The size of the hill, the plain view of Mount Ida dominance and convinced him.
Along with his wife, had
Excavation permit in late May 1873 in accordance with the Ottoman empire He began to excavate the mound from top to bottom. He Explains his loggs how he found the treasure: “When understatd of it came treasures I said ‘knock off’ workers pushed you away, and then he went to my dear wife and life-threatening Schliemann’la Sofia in Sofia Schliemann’s treasures there hands on my wife with a knife scrape the bottom of the skirt and the hut we have kept it. The treasures of a great kingdom crowns, buckles, necklaces, earrings, rings, bracelets, copper and bronze helmet red shawl wrapped … This treasure of Priam”
Schliemann found that works is slowly starting to take. According to Ottoman archival documents at the beginning of April and the end of May, the Greek ship captain Andrea treasures of darkness Athens taking the port. Enough to carry in your pocket, the youngest, is making customs Canakkale. Why is he doing this? Schliemann excavated in 1871, is allowed. 1869 Asar-ı Atika (Old Author) according to regulation which finds the” one-third of the works found, one-third of the land owner, will be one-third of the state. Never abroad can not take part in its own right.”
1 million 50 thousand francs!
The Ottoman state, heads of customs in charge of the works will be imposed upon hearing kidnapped. Director of Imperial Museum in Athens after sending the artifacts Dethier’i sue in 1874. However, I lost the case in 1874. This time, the Greek courts to get an appeal. Schliemann Greek appeals court overturned the ruling in June the first portion of the shares in the hands of the Ottoman asks works. Schliemann refuses. Athens Schliemann’s house to spy on the Ottoman Empire shamus salary amount of 500 francs. However, the works of Schliemann missed.
Leads to the Ottoman state a claim for compensation of 1 million francs. The case takes 10 months. Greek court, the amount of compensation is ten thousand francs. He quits understands and works can not cope with the Ottoman Empire. House of the decision taken in 1875, the Ministry of Education spent a lot of money, and the result can not be obtained for the case amicably for the decision rendered in neticelendirilmesin. In order to keep Schliemann between the Ottoman and proposes to grant 50 thousand francs. This offer is also acceptable.
24-year Treasury in Troy 4 thousand 500 pieces of works brought to Turkey on September 1, and was introduced by the Culture and Tourism Minister Ertugrul Gunay. Gunay, “In 2009, the General Directorate of Cultural Heritage Museum of Smuggling Branch publications Penn collaborators met Troy works are likely to have originated. Penn Museum received them in 1966, but output is illegal by legal means, “he said. Missed works in the pursuit of Turkey, close to the work of 4500 brought back since 2003. Gunay, “Soon Bulgaria will bring a lot of work,” he says.
There are positive signs for a refund
Schliemann, the Ottomans ‘peace’ relieved after the decision. Wants to sell works of museums in Europe because no one wants to buy stolen. Holds the title of honorary citizen of Berlin Museum Berlin Schliemann is donating works. 2 Until World War I, then disappears works exhibited here.
In 1994, the territory of Russia acknowledges that works. Russia wants to return through the works of Foreign Affairs of Turkey can not achieve the results. The Ministry of Culture and Tourism, in recent years, has re-launched bilateral negotiations for the return of the treasure. The Ministry states that improvements in the works for a refund.